PREVALENCE STUDY OF NON-ALCOHOLIC FATTY LIVER DISEASE IN TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS PATIENTS

Authors

  • Dr. Jugnu Kishore , Mr. Roshan Prakash Yadav , Mr. Papu Kumar Shah , Dr. Navin Kumar Sinha , Dr. Uday Kumar Author

Abstract

Introduction: In India, the prevalence of diabetes is very high. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) encompasses a spectrum of liver conditions, ranging from simple steatosis or steatosis with modest inflammation to severe non-alcoholic steatohepatitis. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of NAFLD, also known as fatty liver, in diabetic patients.

Methods: This research was conducted on a total of 123 diabetes mellitus type 2 patients. The study included both inpatient (IPD) and outpatient (OPD) participants, consisting of 29 males and 94 females, aged 18 to 74 years. These individuals underwent several tests, including random blood sugar, lipid profile, abdominal ultrasound, and liver function tests. Additionally, the patient's height, weight, and BMI were measured.

Results: Among the participants, 4 males (13.79%) and 48 females (51.06%) were diagnosed with fatty liver, resulting in a total of 52 out of 123 diabetics (42.28%) having NAFLD. Of these, 36 patients (69.23%) with fatty liver also had central obesity (waist-hip ratio >1). Elevated triglyceride levels (>180 mg/dL) were found in 45 patients (86.54%) with fatty liver. Overweight patients with fatty liver numbered 35 (67.31%), while 17 patients (32.69%) with fatty liver had normal BMIs. Additionally, 33 patients (63.46%) with fatty liver had high cholesterol levels (>200 mg/dL). There were no significant changes in serum protein or albumin-globulin ratio.

Conclusion: NAFLD is a common liver disorder that is strongly associated with insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. They have higher chances of developing NASH and cirrhosis. So screening for liver disorder must be done as a routine in diabetics

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Published

2024-07-07

How to Cite

PREVALENCE STUDY OF NON-ALCOHOLIC FATTY LIVER DISEASE IN TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS PATIENTS. (2024). Romanian Journal of Diabetes, Nutrition and Metabolic Diseases, 31(2), 100-107. https://jrdiabet.ro/index.php/RJDNMD/article/view/380